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ACSM Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors

Age :

  • Men >or=45 yr

  • Women>or=55yr

Family history :

  • Myocardial infarction.

  • Coronary revascularization.

  • Sudden death before a) 55 yr in father or male 1st degree relative or; b) before 65yr in mother or other female 1st degree relative.

Cigarette smoking:

  • Current cigarette smoker.

  • Has quit within last 6 months or continued exposure to environmental tabacco smoke.

Sedentary Lifestyle:

  • Less than 30min of moderate intensity physical activity (40-<60% VO2R) on at least 3 day/week, for at least 3 months.


  • BMI at 30 or higher or waist girth > 102cm (40inch) for men.

  • Waist girth higher than 88cm (35 inches) for women.


  • Systolic > or = 140mmHg and/or DBP >or= 90mmHg confirmed by measurements on at least 2 seperate occasions.

  • on antihypertensive medication


  • LDL Cholesterol >130mg/dL (3.37 mmol/L)

  • HDL Cholesterol <40mg/dL (1.04mmol/L)

  • Lipid Lowering Medication

  • **If total serum cholesterol is all that is available, use >or=200mg/dL (5.18mmol/L)

***NEGATIVE RISK FACTORS : HDL-C >or=60mg/dL (1.55mmol/L)


  • IFG = fasting plasma glucose >or=126mg/dL (7.0mmol/L)

  • 2h plasma glucose values in oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) >or=200mg/dL (11.1mmol/L) OR HbA1C >or=6.5%


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